Currently, Prague is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. For thousands of years it has been the heart of the Czech Republic. During this time, many attractions have settled here: monuments, cathedrals, museums and palaces, most of which fall under the auspices of the World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.
Top 15 sights in Prague
For a thorough study of the historical heritage of Stobashenná (so also called Prague), you need a lot of time. But to get an impression of the city’s character, it is enough to visit a few particularly noteworthy places, which we will tell you about.
The main attractions of Prague, judging by the map, are concentrated in the Prague Castle. And you should start the tour of the city from here. It is the heart of the Czech capital, a symbol of the millennial history of the Central European Slavic state. It is now the most visited cultural site in the city and, at the same time, the residence of the President of the Republic.
Prague Castle begins its history in the 9th century AD. Today it occupies an area of 450 thousand square meters. Many facilities are open to the public. The Golden Lane, with its small houses painted in different colors, is popular with tourists. Today, almost all of them have souvenir and jewelry shops.
The Basilica of St. George is stunning in its splendor. From the temple, built in the first quarter of the X century, only the foundation is preserved. New walls were built on it in the 17th century, and they are still standing today. It is impossible to pass by the Cathedral of St. Vitus, Wenceslas and Vojtěch, the old royal palace, the picture gallery and the Titans’ Gate, where a guard of honor stands. The Prague Castle Gardens, which are famous for their elegance not only in Bohemia, but throughout Europe, are worth a special mention.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, Prague 1, Prague Castle.
The Old Town Square is always full of tourists. By and large, people don’t come here to admire the sights of Prague. The fact is that on the tower of the Old Town Hall there is a unique astronomical clock, in the distant and “dark” Middle Ages. It is one of the three oldest mechanisms in the world, and the only one in operation. It is his work and hourly performance with the chime of the clock and come to see the innumerable crowds of tourists.
The Prague Orloj consists of three elements from top to bottom. In the center of the composition – an astronomical dial, under it – the calendar, and on top – the figure of an angel and two windows. Each hour of the chime is accompanied by the appearance of the 12 apostles, who are shown in turn in the windows. In sync with them move figures on the sides of the central dial. The show ends with the cry of the golden rooster above the angel.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, Old Town Square, 1/3.
The garden fence of the Order of Malta was unremarkable until it was painted by fans of John Lennon’s work in the early 1980s. It all started when the Communists were in power. The drawings on the wall were deemed inappropriate and were painted over before the next congress of the CHR. But soon graffiti appeared again, but now anti-regime rhetoric began to slip in more and more often. Gradually, Lennon’s Wall became a symbol of the struggle for freedom. Today’s Czech Republic is a democracy, but the tradition of painting the fence remains. Now it is an attractive tourist attraction, which is very interesting to watch, because it changes almost daily.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, Velkopřevnorská Square.
St. Wenceslas Square is the center of Prague, the concentration of business and commercial life of the capital. It got its present name in 1848, but before that it was called Horse market. In the Middle Ages there were regularly held horse fairs. Today, the square hosts the most significant city and state events: demonstrations, public meetings and celebrations.
Wenceslas Square is full of chic stores, comfortable hotels, offices, restaurants, cafes and nightclubs. A total of 60 buildings are located on both sides of it, striking variety of architectural solutions. You can try the famous sausages at fast food kiosks, of which there are quite a few. The jewel in the place is the monument to St. Wenceslas, whom the citizens of Prague have “elevated” to the rank of their patron saint. It is located at the southeastern end of the square and has been one of the most recognizable symbols of the city since its installation (completed in 1924).
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, Wenceslas Square.
On one of the hills above the Vltava River is another ancient symbol of Czech statehood – Vysehrad Castle. Its history begins in the tenth century, when, according to legend, Prince Krok erected a fortress here. During its centuries-long history, Vysehrad experienced periods of prosperity and decline, until in 1883 it was annexed to Prague, becoming its administrative unit.
The Basilica of Sts. Peter and Paul is the main attraction for tourists. This church has centuries of history and has been rebuilt many times. It got its present appearance in 1885-1903. The next reconstruction gave the building a neo-Gothic look, and the rich interior decoration the church received in 1988-94, in the process of substantial redecoration. At every step in the Vyšehrad castle there are landmarks: the ruins of a Romanesque basilica, the rotunda of St. Peter and St. Paul. The local cemetery has become the resting place of many famous personalities of the Czech Republic. And the local cemetery has become the resting place of many famous figures of the Czech Republic. To finish the tour of the castle, you should visit the observation decks, which offer an amazing view of Prague.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, Vysehrad.
The most important of the “young” attractions of Prague is the so-called “Dancing House”. You can also hear another name, Ginger and Fred. It was built in 1994-96 by Vlado Milunic (Croatia) and Frank Gerry (Canada) in a deconstructivist style. The construction was supervised by then Czech President Václav Havel. The house received such an unusual name because of its unusual architecture. The building consists of two parts of a cylindrical shape. One has a standard outline (Fred), and the other has a “waist,” a narrow part in the middle, and an extended top and bottom (Ginger). With a little imagination, you can see a dancing couple in their fusion.
The interior layout and design is no different. The Dancing House houses offices, a French restaurant and a hotel. There is an observation deck on the roof, which offers a beautiful view of the old Prague, the picturesque Vltava River and Petřín Hill. For Stobashennaya, such a building is quite unusual. But it in no way spoils the overall impression.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, Rašinová náměstí 1981/80.
Alphonse Mucha Museum
The Czech painter Alphonse Mucha is considered one of the brightest representatives of the modernist trend in painting. His work is very diverse. He drew pictures and theatrical scenery, posters and posters, created sculptures and lithographs, was fond of graphics and photography. He became famous while still studying in Paris. The eternal lack of money forced Alphonse to take up painting posters and advertisements. They are what made him famous. He returned to Prague in 1910 and never left his homeland again. He died on June 14, 1939. His death was preceded by his arrest by the German Gestapo, which was establishing its own order in the occupied territories. He is buried in the Visegrad Cemetery.
The Alphonse Mucha Museum was created in 1998 through the efforts of his heirs. The exposition consists of six sections. All exhibits and works of the artist, provided by his family. Tours are available in five languages and in Russian, including.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, 7 Panská street. Kaunitzky Palace.
Old New Synagogue
According to local legend, the synagogue was built on the site where angels had moved several stones from the ruined temple in Jerusalem. They were laid in the foundation of the building and, according to legend, they are what protect the synagogue from natural disasters, fires, pogroms and even 19th-century slum clearance. Until the 16th century it was called “New”, but after the name was changed to “Staronovaya”. This was connected with the construction of several new synagogues.
This Jewish temple is one of the oldest in Europe and is still in operation, which imposes some restrictions on visitors. Since men and women listen to the service in the synagogue in different places, tourists of different sexes are not allowed to enter the non-designated area. Women must have their hair covered and men must wear a paper kippah, which can be obtained at the entrance. And to admire the unique interior and ancient artifacts of the beautiful half of humanity will only be able through small windows.
Address: The Czech Republic, Prague, 18 Maisel Street.
Petrin Hill Park (Petrin Hill)
Prague is located on nine hills, but the most famous is Petøín. It is located in the center of the capital, on the left bank of the Vltava. It is believed that before the advent of Christianity there was a pagan temple dedicated to Perun. Today it is a landscaped park, convenient for family recreation. Tourists may be interested in the observation tower, which outwardly resembles the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the mirror maze, the observatory and the Petrshin Gardens. In 1929, the wooden church of St. Michael the Archangel was moved here from Subcarpathian Rus.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague 6
The architectural dominant feature of Wenceslas Square is the National Museum building. It was built in 1885-90. The architect Josef Schulz chose the Neo-Renaissance style for the main state repository of history. And he was not mistaken – the building turned out to be monumental. In the center of the 100-meter facade is a fountain group symbolizing Bohemia (the central figure) and the two rivers – the Vltava in the image of a girl and the Laba in the form of an elderly man. The roof is crowned by a dome, under which is a pantheon of eminent personalities of Czech culture.
The building of the National Museum itself is a landmark of Prague, but its collections of artifacts and artistic masterpieces are admirable. There is a permanent natural history exhibit and an enormous Library with a collection of 1.3 million. printed volumes and 8,000 manuscripts. In 2011, due to the beginning of reconstruction works and a significant increase in the collection, part of the collection was moved to the new building.
Address: Czech Republic, Prague, Wenceslas Square 68 and Vinohradska 52/1.
This is one of the most interesting places in the city, so every tourist who comes to Prague strives to get here. After all, the Charles Bridge with its sculptures is a historical symbol of Prague and the whole Czech Republic.
Its history begins at the end of the 14th century, when the bridge was built. Today it is a pedestrian bridge connecting the two historic districts of Prague, where the maximum number of monuments and attractions is concentrated.
On the Charles Bridge you can make wishes that are sure to come true. You can do it near the statue of John of Nepomuk and at the grating with the image of the saint, where he was thrown into the Vltava.
This mill stands not far from the Charles Bridge. Her middle name is the Devil’s Mill, because. it was built on the Chertovka River. This river used to have a rough disposition, but now it has grown shallow. The place where the mill is located is called the Czech Venice.
According to a legend, a long time ago in the mill lived a very angry woman, no one liked her, everyone called her a witch. The woman invited an artist, and he at her request painted on the mill 7 devils, and so it became Devil’s.
According to the second legend, the mill belonged to the miller and his daughter. The latter was narcissistic and selfish, dreaming of selling her soul to the devil in order to get to the royal ball, where she would meet the most profitable groom.
One day a black man came to the mill and invited a girl to the King’s ball. He brought the miller’s daughter a beautiful dress and expensive jewelry. The dream came true, she went to the ball, but by the end of the holiday no one else saw her.
The Church of St. John the Baptist. Gavala
This temple was originally built in the 13th century in the Romanesque style, was rebuilt in the next century in the Gothic style, and in the 18th century acquired the Baroque style. At first there was Havel Town, a significant German settlement.
In the middle of the 14th century the temple was honored with a royal gift. Charles IV gave him the relics of St. John the Baptist. Gavel (skull). Later the university was founded here, where at different times taught Jan Nepomuk, Jan Hus and others. In the 17th century, the church was transferred to the Carmelite order.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Church of St. John the Baptist was a church of the Holy Trinity. Havla became secular and housed various government offices. But in the 1930s after the reconstruction it was restored to its historical appearance. Today services are once again being held in the church.
This castle is located in the city of the same name on the northeastern outskirts of Prague. It preserves on its walls the prints of fierce military battles in these places during the Early Middle Ages.
This castle was erected in the early 10th century in the hunting grounds of the Habsburgs. Many centuries later, Russian Emperor Alexander I met with German Kaiser Friedrich Wilhelm here.
Today, the restored castle can see the tastes of its last owner, Charles of Austria. There are collections of ancient and antique weapons conquered or collected by members of the Habsburg family.
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist. Vita
This Catholic cathedral in Prague is part of Prague Castle, it is a national monument and a spiritual symbol of the whole Czech Republic. The cathedral is a must on most classic tours of Prague.
The first cathedral was built in the 10th century. One hundred years later, the basilica was greatly expanded and rebuilt. New construction began in the 14th century and lasted for more than six centuries. The cathedral was consecrated in the late 20s of the last century.
The most famous ones here are the Golden Gate, the Chapel of St. John the Baptist. The church is now a working temple, and regular Catholic services are held there. Today it is a working temple, and regular Catholic services are held there.
Unusual sights in Prague
Tourists, already satiated with the timeless European Gothic and Baroque, are looking for exclusive, avant-garde, unusual attractions. In Prague there are a lot of such “highlights”, the city really has something to surprise tourists.
The author of this sculpture is the Czech sculptor David Czerny, known for his extravagance. This composition of his is located near the Charles Bridge. It is a sculpture of two men, who are relieving themselves in a small pool.
The shape of the basin corresponds to the shape of the territory of the state of Bohemia. If you send an SMS to a certain phone number, then peeing men can write its content on the water with their water jets.
Babies on the TV Tower
The TV Tower in Prague is an extremely interesting attraction in itself. There are also small sculptures of crawling babies with no faces on its walls.
This is another immortal creation by David Czerny. He wasn’t being original at all and wasn’t trying to cause a sensation or shock the audience. This is how the author protested against abortion when it was banned in the Czech Republic.
“The Fan Depot.
There are many beer pubs in Prague, each of them seeks not only to feed and drink their guests and regulars, but also to advertise themselves so that visitors will not forget about it and certainly come again.
All the originality of the restaurant lies in the “Fan Depot” counter. Local waiters don’t run to the bartender and back to the customer, they only place another order, and it’s brought by a toy train moving on rails across the bar.
Walking down one of Prague’s usual streets, you can see a sculpture of a man hanging from a beam of a house, holding on with one hand. This is another masterpiece by the local prolific sculptor David Czerny, who creates not for the sake of gold, but for the sake of art.
A passerby stumbling upon such a sculpture in the middle of the night can be quite frightening. However, the “masterpiece” has been hanging for many years, and no one has yet attempted to tamper with it. The people of Prague love true art.
Monument to St. Wenceslas
This statue is extremely popular with residents and visitors to Prague. The patron saint of Bohemia is depicted sitting on an upside down horse, and it is clear that the horse is dead, as if it were suspended from the ceiling. St. Wenceslas sits on his belly.
The statue was erected in the Lucerne Shopping Center in Prague and is dedicated to communist repression and the victims of communism. The entire composition symbolizes the suffering endured by the Czech people during the recent Soviet era.
This house stands on Kampa Island and can even be seen from the Charles Bridge. This is a very interesting place: the house has a small balcony over which hangs an icon of Our Lady and there is an unquenchable lamp.
According to legend, at the end of the 19th century, a woman named Anna lived in the house. One day in the spring there was a terrible flood. Spring water began to flood Anna’s house and was already coming up to the balcony.
Anna jumped out onto the balcony in horror and saw the icon floating by. She grabbed it out of the water and began praying fervently, asking for help. Suddenly the flood stopped, the water receded, and the house and its hostess were miraculously saved.
The cloak without the man
This surreal monument is located next to the Sosnovy Theater. The cloak seemed to cover the body of the man sitting there, but there was an emptiness inside. The author of this sculpture is Anna Chromie, and it is dedicated to Mozart and his Don Giovanni.
It is important to know that the premiere of the opera took place in this theater, and the conductor was its brilliant author. The monument has different names, but the most common is “The Spirit of the Commendatore,” dedicated to one of the heroes of the great opera.
Prague sights on the map
No tourist catalogs with addresses, no photos with names and descriptions of attractions can convey all the greatness of Prague. You can come here countless times – it never gets boring. And with each visit, the best attractions of the Czech capital – Prague will be opened with a new, unexplored side.
Location of the sights on the map
Video overview of Prague sights
Prague is one of the oldest cities in Europe. Historians estimate its age at least 1500 years. And for at least 10 centuries it has been the capital of the Czech state. For such a solid period of existence Prague has accumulated many attractions, which each year come to see more than 5 million. tourists from all over the world.